Each type of transportation has its own rules about which you can find out about on logistics dispatcher training. The rules for the transportation of certain types of cargo, including the transportation of bulk cargo, are also regulated. In many ways, these rules are similar, there are only some parts of them that directly relate to the type of cargo that is transported.
All obligations to comply with the established rules for the carriage of goods are assumed by the carrier company, which a priori has all the necessary knowledge, and also, very desirable, experience.
Directly for the transportation of bulk cargo, there are several basic rules regulated by law at the federal level. Bulk cargoes themselves are sand, expanded clay, grain, mineral fertilizers in granules, crushed stone in granules, etc.
When loading bulk cargo, for example, transported in bulk, the surface of the cargo should not protrude beyond the upper edges of the sides of the rolling stock in order to prevent the cargo from spilling out during movement.
In road containers, the transportation of bulk cargo without containers is prohibited. Also, the carrier is forbidden to transport bulk cargo in such a way that it is possible for them to fall out of the body onto the carriageway of the road itself, or the roadside. That is, bulk cargo transported in an open body of a vehicle must, at a minimum, be covered with a special covering, or tarpaulin. To prevent loss of loose and bulk cargo during transportation, the consignor must load them in such a way that the surface of the cargo does not protrude beyond the upper edges of the sides (body) of the vehicle. At the same time, the carrier must ensure that such goods are covered with curtains.
When transporting bulk cargo, there are often quite a lot of problems associated with losses at the stage of loading / unloading, reloading from one vehicle to another, cargo spilling during movement, etc. Therefore, for the transportation of bulk cargo, the most rational is the use of various specialized means, for example, containers. In this case, the transportation of bulk cargo is very easy to organize in accordance with the requirements of the rules.